What is the difference between wheel loader and backhoe loader?

2023-04-26 16:04:21

The choice between a wheel loader and a backhoe loader depends on the specific needs of the job. If the primary task is loading and transporting loose material, a wheel loader may be the better choice. If excavation and digging are the main tasks, a backhoe loader may be more appropriate.

What is a wheel loader?

A wheel loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction, mining, and other industries for a variety of tasks such as digging, scooping, lifting, and transporting materials. It typically consists of a large bucket mounted on the front of the machine, which can be raised and lowered using hydraulic cylinders. The machine is also equipped with four large wheels or tires that allow it to operate on rough terrain and move heavy loads with ease. Wheel loaders come in a range of sizes and designs, and can be operated by a single person from within a cab that is located above the machine.

Types of wheel loader

Small loader: Small loaders are generally used for loading operations in construction sites, farms, warehouses and other places, and their loading capacity is generally below 1 ton.

For example, the 906C wheel loader of luyu heavy industry is a small wheel loader.

906C adopts unique appearance design, compact and flexible, complete functions, variable plunger pump imported from Italy, Yanmar 3TNV88 engine, JCB barrel hinge, strong reliability and strong body stability. It can meet the needs of European and American customers in multiple scenarios such as courtyards, farms, and landscaping

EngineYanmar 3TNV88-BS SY(Option Kubota 1505-E4)
Engine Power20.2kw/18.5kw
Rated Rotational Speed2200 (turn/min)
Drive FormHydrostatic Motor Drive
Breaking FormRear Axle Hydraulic Shoe Brake
Tire26*12-12 Agricultural Tire
Unloading Height(mm)2060
Unloading Distance(mm)550
Unloading Angle(°)36
Minimum Ground Clearance(mm)220
Turning Radius(mm)2150
Driving Speed0-11km/hour
Truck base(mm)895
Total Weight(kg)1838
Maximum Lift Weight(kg)600
Bucket Width(mm)1200
Rated Bucket Capacity(m³)0.25
Lifting Time(s)5.8
Loading Time(s)5.8
Landing Time(s)5.8
Hydraulic System Pressure(Mpa)16


Medium-sized loader: The loading capacity of a medium-sized loader is generally between 1 ton and 3 tons, and it is mainly used for heavy-duty projects such as mining, construction, road construction, and bridge construction.

For example, Luyu Heavy Industry TJ series wheel loader, TJ 188 model, rated load capacity 2.5ton, the appearance adopts the latest design, the machine as a whole adopts scientific, applicability, durability and comfort, the whole vehicle is stable, the driving is comfortable, and it is convenient for maintenance and maintenance

Engine modelYN38(4102T) 76kwTotal weight5178kg
Bucket capacity0.9m³Dumping height3500mm
Bucket width2000mmOverall dimension6590*2080*2850mm
Rated load2000kgTire16/70-20


Large-scale loaders: Large-scale loaders are generally used in large-scale construction sites, docks, mines and other places for loading operations, and their loading capacity can reach more than 20 tons.

The most representative is Cat 988K - This is a very popular loader from Caterpillar that is equipped with a powerful engine and an efficient hydraulic system to excel in heavy excavation and construction projects.


What is a backhoe loader

A backhoe loader is a type of heavy equipment that is commonly used in construction, landscaping, and agriculture. It is a versatile machine that combines the functionality of a backhoe with that of a loader.

The backhoe loader is designed with a small bucket at the front and a backhoe attachment at the rear. The front bucket is used for tasks such as digging, loading, and moving material, while the backhoe is used for excavation, digging, and trenching.

The backhoe attachment at the rear of the machine consists of a digging arm, or boom, that is connected to a bucket. The boom is mounted on a swivel, which allows it to rotate 180 degrees. The bucket is attached to the end of the boom and can be tilted up and down to dig and scoop material.

Backhoe loaders are typically powered by diesel engines and are available in a variety of sizes, from small machines used for landscaping to larger machines used for heavy-duty construction projects. They are designed for easy maneuverability, with four-wheel drive and steering capabilities that allow them to move easily over rough terrain.

Types of Backhoe Loaders

Standard backhoe loaders - These are the most common type of backhoe loader, featuring a digging bucket on the front and a backhoe on the rear. They are versatile and suitable for a wide range of tasks.

The LY388 model from Luyu Heavy Industry can be equipped with 85KW and 75KW engines, with strong power and low price

EngineYuchai4105, 85KWMax speed22km/h
Dimension6150*2350*3763mmRated load2500KG
Digging depth4000-5200mmDumping height2742mm
Digging bucket0.3M³Loading bucket1 M³
Oil tank100LTires14-17.5/19.5L-24


Mini backhoe loaders - These are smaller and more compact than standard backhoe loaders, making them ideal for working in tight spaces. They are often used in landscaping and small construction projects.

Luyu Heavy Industry Model 932-30, with a vehicle size of 6500 * 1850 * 2700, can work in narrow spaces.Equipped with Yunnei engine, powerful and stable body

The Main Performance Parameter of Backhoe Loader 932

Overall dimensions





Yunnei 4100 turbo





Wheel track(mm)




Min. Ground Clearance(mm)


Rated speed(r/min)


Min. turning radius(mm)


Number of cylinders - bore


Performance Parameters

transmission system

System pressure(Mpa)



Fixed-axis powershift

Overall weight(kg)


Number of gears

Front 2 and back 2

Max. speed(km/h)


Torque converter

265 Overall high and low speed

Max. climbing capacity(°)


Excavation parameters


Max. digging depth(mm)



Small Hub Reduction Axle

Excavation unloading height(mm)



Max. digging radius(mm)




Bucket width (mm)


Travel brake

Air top oil caliper disc brake

Hopper capacity(m³)


Parking brake


Excavator slewing angle(°)


Loading parameters

Oil volume

Max. unloading height(mm)


Fuel Tank(L)


Max. unloading distance(mm)


Hydraulic oil tank(L)


Loading bucket capacity(mm)


bucket width (mm)



Drive type

Four-wheel drive

Variable speed form

Hydraulic variable speed


Extendable arm backhoe loaders - These backhoe loaders have an extendable arm that can reach further than a standard backhoe loader, making them ideal for tasks that require extra reach, such as digging deep trenches.

T3000-65 telescopic backhoe loader, equipped with an 85KW engine, with a vehicle size of 9400 * 2050 * 2950mm. The telescopic arm allows for a longer working range and is suitable for digging deep ditches or ponds

Side-shift backhoe loaders - These backhoe loaders have the ability to move the digging bucket from side to side, which can be helpful for digging alongside buildings or other obstacles.

Side shift can be configured with optional options. If you have any requirements, you can contact our sales team

What is the difference between wheel loader and backhoe loader?

If you work on earthmoving projects, the right machine will get your job done faster, and while a wheel loader is powerful enough, different products will get the job done faster for a particular project.

From the above article, it can be concluded that the wheel loader and the backhoe loader are very similar. The biggest difference between the wheel loader and the backhoe loader is that the backhoe loader has a separate bucket, which can be replaced Other attachments, while the wheel loader has only one bucket.

How to better choose the two machines?

First of all, determine your working environment. If you need to transport materials quickly, our suggestion is to choose a wheel loader. The difference is that a backhoe loader is more suitable to provide more functions for digging, which few machines can achieve. The versatility of the backhoe loader makes it more widely used.

I believe that after you are familiar with the differences and types of the two machines, your choice will become easier and clearer. In addition to functionality, it is very important that there are many models of these two types of equipment. It is very important to choose the size and load-bearing capacity that suit you. If you are interested in our products, you can contact us now and get a free Consulting services and quotation services.